|Islam in Brazil|
Islam in Brazil began with the importation of African slave labor. Scholars claim that Brazil received more enslaved Muslims than anywhere else in the Americas.
The number of Muslims in Brazil according to the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life's 2009 report was 191,000, or 0.096% of the total population. Muslim community leaders estimate there are between 700,000 and three million Muslims in Brazil.
Early Brazilian Muslims led the largest slave revolt in Brazil in Bahia in 1835. Following this, Brazilian authorities began to watch the Malês (African Muslims) carefully and intensive efforts were made to force conversions to Catholicism and erase the memory of Islam. However, the African Muslim community was not erased overnight, and in 1910 it is estimated there were still 100,000 African Muslims in Brazil.
The next period of Islam was Muslim immigration from Syria and Lebanon.
Architecture and cuisine bear the trademarks of Arab culture: the second largest fast food chain is Habib's, which serves Arab food. São Paulo city council has a Muslim councilor. There are about 60 Musjids, Islamic centers, and Islamic associations.
A recent trend is the increase in conversions to Islam among non- Arab citizens. A Muslim source estimated about 10,000 Muslim converts. In the past 30 years, Islam has become increasingly noticeable by building of Musjids, libraries, arts centres, and schools and also by funding newspapers.
2 of the 3 existing Portuguese translations of the Quraan were done by Muslim translators in Brazil.
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