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Justice in Islam PDF Print E-mail

‘Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice...’ (Quraan 57:25) The purpose of sending prophets was to establish justice in the world. Under normal circumstances many people can be just. But Islam commands its followers to be just even in the face of strong conflicting emotions.


In dealing with others, two major impediments to justice are love and hatred.
Love: See how the Quraan teaches us to overcome love when dealing with our closest relatives or ourselves. ‘O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with what you do.’ (Quraan 4:135)
Hatred: The other equally potent impediment is hatred. Here again Quraan commands: ‘O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety: and fear Allah…’ (Quraan 5:8) In other words you cannot do injustice even when dealing with the enemy.
These commands created a society where all treated equally and all of them could count on receiving justice. The judges were independent and no one, including the ruler was above the law. If a dispute arose between the ruler and an ordinary person, both had to appear in court and provide evidence.
Adapted from article by: Khalid Baig
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