|The Muslim Brotherhood|
With the spotlight on the Middle East and North Africa, here’s a brief look at the driving force for Islam there: the Muslim Brotherhood. Al-Ikhwaan Al-Muslimoon (the Muslim Brotherhood) was founded in 1928 in Egypt by Hassan Al-Banna.
It began as a religious, political, and social movement with the credo, ‘Allah is our objective; the Quraan our constitution, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam our leader; Jihad our way; and death for the sake of Allah the highest of our aspirations.’
It is the largest political opposition organization in many Arab states and the largest Islamic political group in the world. Among its primary goals is the reinstatement of the caliphate, uniting all Muslim countries as one state and instilling the Qur'an and Sunnah as the sole reference point for ordering the life of the Muslim.
The Muslim Brotherhood is a not a political party but members have created political parties in several countries, like the Islamic Action Front in Jordan and Hamas in Palestine. The Muslim brotherhood started off as a social organization, preaching Islam, teaching the illiterate, setting up hospitals, and went on to oppose British rule in Egypt. Members fought against the Jews in Palestine in 1948.
It was outlawed in Egypt, with Al-Banna assassinated and members being arrested, tortured and executed. The Syrian government brutally crushed it in 1982. It has inspired groups in Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya and Somalia.
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