|Islam in Iran|
The Muslim conquest of Persia (637–651) led to the end of the Sassanid Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia. When Islam was introduced to Iranians, the nobility and city-dwellers were the first to convert, Islam spread more slowly among the peasantry.|
By the late 11th century, the majority of Persians had become Muslim. Shiasm entered Iran around the 15th century with the Safavid dynasty which made Shiasm the official state religion and aggressively forced it on the population. Muslims invaded Iran in the time of Umar radhiallahu anhu (637) and conquered it after several great battles. By 674, Muslims had conquered Greater Khorasan (which included modern Iranian Khorasan province and modern Afghanistan, Transoxania).
Many important Muslim scholars were Persian or lived in Iran including Imam Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Ghazali, and physicians, astronomers , mathematicians and scientists like Al-Farabi, Avicenna, as well as Sheikhs of Sufism like Rumi and Abdul-Qadir Gilani.
Sunni Muslims are about 9% of the Iranian population. While the Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christian Iranians are recognized as religious minorities, no Sunni mosques are allowed in places where Sunnis are not a majority. There are around 48,983 mosques in the country. In 1979 the Shias established a theocratic state and have and are providing military and other support to Shias fighting Sunnis in various parts of the world.
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