|Iraq: Then and Now|
1917: British troops supported by Arabs and Indians invade Iraq. The invasion proved to be more costly than anticipated with 40,000 British deaths.
TE Lawrence, who helped overthrow the Turks, wrote that the British public was tricked into invading Iraq.
1917: UK promised the Arabs freedom in return for helping fight the Turks, while secretly making an agreement with France to divide and rule the land.
2003: US promises freedom to Iraqis after overthrowing Saddam. Nothing yet after five years.
1921: UK installed the pro-British government of King Faisal.
2005: Pro-US government installed in Iraq.
1920: Rather than welcome them as liberators, Iraqis rebelled against British. UK used air force to bomb civilians, houses, crops and cattle with mustard gas bombs. Heavy reprisals in Najaf, Kufa and Fallujah. 10,000 Iraqis killed.
1990’s: 1,2 million Iraqi children killed under US/UN sanctions. 2004: Iraqi rebellion against US/UK. Heavy bombardment of civilians. Over 100,000 killed.
Divide and Rule
1917: UK created Iraq from 3 provinces pitting Sunni against Shia against Kurd.
2005: Separate autonomous areas created for Sunni, Shia and Kurds.
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